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How to Develop and Implement a National Drug Policy - WHO Policy Perspectives on Medicines, No. 006, January 2003
(2003; 6 pages) [French] [Spanish] View the PDF document
Table of Contents
View the documentWhat is a national drug policy?
View the documentObjectives of a national drug policy
View the documentThe essential medicine concept is central to a national drug policy
View the documentThe national drug policy process
Open this folder and view contentsKey components of a national drug policy
View the documentKey documents
 

Objectives of a national drug policy

In the broadest sense a national drug policy should promote equity and sustainability of the pharmaceutical sector. The general objectives of a national drug policy are to ensure:

• Access: equitable availability and affordability of essential medicines, including traditional medicine;

• Quality: the quality, safety and efficacy of all medicines;

• Rational use: the promotion of therapeutically sound and cost-effective use of medicines by health professionals and consumers.


Figure 1 By the end of 1999 over 100 countries had a national drug policy

The more specific goals and objectives of a national policy will depend upon the country situation, the national health policy and political priorities set by the government. In addition to health-related goals there may be others, such as economic goals. For example, an additional objective may be to increase national pharmaceutical production capacity. It is critical that all the drug policy objectives are explicit, so that the roles of the public and private sectors and of the various ministries (health, finance, trade and industry) and government bodies (such as the drug regulatory authority) can be specified.

A drug policy can have a rapidly noticeable impact. For example, Chad adopted its drug policy and developed an implementation plan in 1995. Based on the results of the baseline survey carried out at that time, the national drug policy and its implementation plan focused on two strategies to improve access to essential medicines: (1) appropriate selection and use of generic drugs, and (2) improved drug procurement and management through training, central medical store, and regional bulk procurement. In six years, the policy has had a significant impact (see Figure 2).


Figure 2 Impact of national drug policy in Chad, 1995-2001

 

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