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Annual Report 2002 - Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy: Supporting Countries to Close the Access Gap
(2003; 20 pages) [French] [Spanish] View the PDF document
Table of Contents
View the documentDeveloping a monitoring culture to improve impact
View the documentTraditional and complementary medicine: putting policy into action
View the documentKey country support in Africa and Eastern Mediterranean
View the documentWHO Collaborating Centres: supplying active support for medicines work
View the documentHow is TRIPS affecting access to medicines?
View the documentDevelopment of the essential drugs concept over the past 25 years
View the documentMeasuring access to antimalarials
View the documentStrengthening regional and national bulk procurement
View the documentLearning from successful supply systems
View the documentWorking out the cost of medicines
View the documentSupporting MDG target on access to essential medicines
View the documentCommon guideline for evaluating new medicines in Baltic countries
View the documentNGO toolkit for improving access to HIV/AIDS treatment
View the documentHarmonizing medicines regulation in the Americas
View the documentGood manufacturing practice in China: rapid progress
View the documentPharmacovigilance: detecting and reporting adverse drug reactions
View the documentVariations in prescribing information in 26 countries
View the document10th ICDRA: an international basis for medicines regulation
View the documentFighting poor-quality drugs
View the documentImproving medicines use in hospitals in Cambodia and Lao PDR
View the documentWHO-India Essential Drugs Programme: multiplying impact
View the documentOman: improving antibiotic use in primary health care
 

Oman: improving antibiotic use in primary health care

With assistance from WHO's Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office, the Department of Rational Drug Use in Oman conducted a national survey of antibiotic use. It identified inappropriate use in primary health care (PHC) centres in particular. A pilot study was thereafter conducted at the Muscat Health Centre to develop a national tool for improving antibiotic use. The study was conducted over six months and covered use of three antibiotics in two dosage forms. Doctors were encouraged to read selected scientific materials about evidence-based use of antibiotics for the most common clinical conditions encountered in PHC practice. Simultaneously, they were monitored, evaluated and informed about any nonconformity observed between their prescriptions and the evidence-based materials they had been given.

At the end of the study, a 53% reduction in the consumption of antibiotics was observed. The six-month follow-up period showed a similar antibiotic consumption trend. A similar approach for reducing antibiotic consumption in other PHC centres will accordingly be incorporated into the 2003 national annual plan for promoting rational use of antibiotics.

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