WHO Traditional Medicine Strategy: 2002-2005
(2002; 70 pages) [French] [Spanish] View the PDF document
Table of Contents
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentAcronyms, abbreviations and WHO Regions
Open this folder and view contentsKey points: WHO Traditional Medicine Strategy 2002 - 2005
Open this folder and view contentsChapter One: Global review
Open this folder and view contentsChapter Two: Challenges
Open this folder and view contentsChapter Three: The current role of WHO
Open this folder and view contentsChapter Four: International and national resources for traditional medicine
Close this folderChapter Five: Strategy and plan of action 2002 - 2005
View the document5.1 Policy: Integrate TM/CAM with national health care systems, as appropriate, by developing and implementing national TM/CAM policies and programmes
View the document5.2 Safety, efficacy and quality: Promote the safety, efficacy and quality of TM/CAM by expanding the knowledge-base on TM/CAM, and by providing guidance on regulatory and quality assurance standards
View the document5.3 Access: Increase the availability and affordability of TM/CAM, as appropriate, with an emphasis on access for poor populations
View the document5.4 Rational use: Promote therapeutically sound use of appropriate TM/CAM by providers and consumers
View the documentAnnex One: List of WHO Collaborating Centres for Traditional Medicine
Open this folder and view contentsAnnex Two: Selected WHO publications and documents on traditional medicine
View the documentReferences
View the documentBack Cover
 

5.1 Policy: Integrate TM/CAM with national health care systems, as appropriate, by developing and implementing national TM/CAM policies and programmes

Components

• Recognition of TM/CAM. Help countries to develop national policies and programmes on TM/CAM.

• Protection and preservation of indigenous TM knowledge relating to health. Help countries to develop strategies to protect their indigenous TM knowledge.

WHO strategy

WHO will encourage governments to recognize the important contribution certain forms of TM/CAM can make to improving and maintaining health. It will also strengthen collaboration between its Headquarters and Regional Office TM programmes, in order to elaborate and carry out common tasks effectively and efficiently. It will continue to cooperate with other relevant UN agencies and explore the possibility of working with new partners. This will include organizing a series of regional and interregional workshops for national health authorities on policy and use of TM/CAM.

Most importantly, WHO will help Member States to develop and implement national TM/CAM policies and regulations, and to promote safe and effective forms of indigenous TM in accordance with WHO guide-lines. WHO will also facilitate information sharing on TM/CAM among countries.

Critical indicator

Strategy objective

Number of WHO Member States reporting a national TM/CAM policy/Total number of WHO Member States

1999 status

2005 target

WHO Member States
with national policy on TM/CAM

25/191

13%

25%

Expected outcomes for 2002 - 2005

• Increased government support for TM/CAM, through comprehensive national policies on TM/CAM.

• Relevant TM/CAM integrated into national health care system services.

• Increased recording and preservation of indigenous knowledge of TM, including development of digital TM libraries.

Table 13. WHO Traditional Medicine Strategy 2002 - 2005 - objectives, components and expected outcomes

Objectives

Components

Expected outcomes

POLICY: Integrate TM/CAM with national health care systems, as appropriate, by developing and implementing national TM/CAM policies* and programmes

1. Recognition of TM/CAM

Help countries to develop national policies and programmes on TM/CAM

1.1 Increased government support for TM/CAM, through comprehensive national policies on TM/CAM

   

1.2 Relevant TM/CAM integrated into national health care system services

 

2. Protection and preservation of indigenous TM knowledge relating to health

Help countries to develop strategies to protect their indigenous TM knowledge

2.1 Increased recording and preservation of indigenous knowledge of TM, including development of digital TM libraries

SAFETY, EFFICACY AND QUALITY: Promote the safety, efficacy and quality of TM/CAM by expanding the knowledge-base on TM/CAM, and by providing guidance on regulatory and quality assurance standards

3. Evidence-base for TM/CAM

Increase access to and extent of knowledge of the safety, efficacy and quality of TM/CAM, with an emphasis on priority health problems such as malaria and HIV/AIDS

3.1 Increased access to and extent of knowledge of TM/CAM through networking and exchange of accurate information

   

3.2 Technical reviews of research on use of TM/CAM for prevention, treatment and management of common diseases and conditions

   

3.3 Selective support for clinical research into use of TM/CAM for priority health problems such as malaria and HIV/AIDS, and common diseases

 

4. Regulation of herbal medicines

Support countries to establish effective regulatory systems for registration and quality assurance of herbal medicines

4.1 National regulation of herbal medicines, including registration, established and implemented

   

4.2 Safety monitoring of herbal medicines and other TM/CAM products and therapies

 

5. Guidelines on safety, efficacy and quality

Develop and support implementation of technical guidelines for ensuring the safety, efficacy and quality control of herbal medicines and other TM/CAM products and therapies

5.1 Technical guidelines and methodology for evaluating safety, efficacy and quality of TM/CAM

   

5.2 Criteria for evidence-based data on safety, efficacy and quality of TM/CAM therapies

ACCESS: Increase the availability and affordability of TM/CAM, as appropriate, with an emphasis on access for poor populations

6. Recognition of role of TM/CAM practitioners in health care

Promote recognition of role of TM/CAM practitioners in health care by encouraging interaction and dialogue between TM/CAM practitioners and allopathic practitioners

6.1 Criteria and indicators, where possible, to measure cost-effectiveness and equitable access to TM/CAM

   

6.2 Increased provision of appropriate TM/CAM through national health services

   

6.3 Increased number of national organizations of TM/CAM providers

 

7. Protection of medicinal plants

Promote sustainable use and cultivation of medicinal plants

7.1 Guidelines for good agriculture practice in relation to medicinal plants

   

7.2. Sustainable use of medicinal plant resources

RATIONAL USE: Promote therapeutically sound use of appropriate TM/CAM by providers and consumers

8. Proper use of TM/CAM by providers

Increase capacity of TM/CAM providers to make proper use of TM/CAM products and therapies

8.1 Basic training in commonly used TM/CAM therapies for allopathic practitioners

   

8.2 Basic training in primary health care for TM practitioners

 

9. Proper use of TM/CAM by consumers

Increase capacity of consumers to make informed decisions about use of TM/CAM products and therapies

9.1 Reliable information for consumers on proper use of TM/CAM therapies

   

9.2 Improved communication between allopathic practitioners and their patients concerning use of TM/CAM

* With the exception of China, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, the Republic of Korea and Viet Nam, such integration has nowhere taken place. This underlines the fact that in some countries national assessment is needed to ascertain which TM/CAM modalities can be best integrated with the national health care system.

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