WHO Traditional Medicine Strategy: 2002-2005
(2002; 70 pages) [French] [Spanish] View the PDF document
Table of Contents
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentAcronyms, abbreviations and WHO Regions
Open this folder and view contentsKey points: WHO Traditional Medicine Strategy 2002 - 2005
Close this folderChapter One: Global review
View the document1.1 What is traditional medicine? Towards a working definition
View the document1.2 Broad use and appeal
View the document1.3 Expenditure
View the document1.4 Accounting for use and increasing interest
View the document1.5 Responding to the popularity of TM/CAM
Open this folder and view contentsChapter Two: Challenges
Open this folder and view contentsChapter Three: The current role of WHO
Open this folder and view contentsChapter Four: International and national resources for traditional medicine
Open this folder and view contentsChapter Five: Strategy and plan of action 2002 - 2005
View the documentAnnex One: List of WHO Collaborating Centres for Traditional Medicine
Open this folder and view contentsAnnex Two: Selected WHO publications and documents on traditional medicine
View the documentReferences
View the documentBack Cover

1.3 Expenditure

Reports on total national expenditure on TM/CAM are scarce. Information on national out-of-pocket expenditure for self-treatment with TM/CAM is even more scant. But some figures are available and, with TM/CAM gaining in use worldwide, public and private expenditure is clearly on the increase. In Malaysia, an estimated US$ 500 million is spent annually on TM/CAM, compared to about US$ 300 million on allopathic medicine.6 In the USA, total 1997 out-of-pocket CAM expenditure was estimated at US$ 2700 million, which was comparable to the projected 1997 out-of-pocket expenditure for all physician services.13 In the United Kingdom, annual CAM expenditure is estimated at US$ 2300 million respectively.16 In Canada, it is estimated that a total of US$ 2400 million was spent in 1997 - 1997 on CAM.8

The world market for herbal medicines based on traditional knowledge is now estimated at US$ 60 thousand million.17 In the USA, herbal sales increased by 101% in mainstream markets between May 1996 and May 1998. The most popular herbal products include ginseng, Ginkgo biloba, garlic, Echinacea spp. and St. John's wort (Table 4).18

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