Results need to be displayed for reporting at two levels: at the facility and at the higher administrative level. At the facility level it will usually only be possible to display the results in a simple table. However, at the district or regional level graphic displays should be used wherever possible.
Facility summary table
For displaying the results at the facility it may be useful to prepare a form which compares the results from the facility with those from a previous survey, with summary results for all facilities, or with national standards. The original form is reproduced in Annex 2. Fill in two copies of this form and leave one at the facility. The other form can be used to complete the consolidation form used to collect results for all facilities in the study.
Consolidation table for all facilities
After the data have been collected from each facility, enter the results each day onto a consolidation form (see Annex 2). Do this every day, in case a record or form for a facility gets lost. This way the missing information can be more easily traced closer to the time that it was lost. If available, an alternative is to enter the data directly into the computerized version of the form which is included with the computer spreadsheet. If the spreadsheet is used, minimum and maximum values and the standard errors for individual indicators can also be generated.
Graphic displays of results
When the facility data have been entered into the consolidation table, it is easy to generate bar charts showing the number of facilities at different levels of each indicator and how the facilities vary. These charts are only indicative of how the different facilities compare, because the number of prescriptions studied in each facility (usually 30 in a basic survey) is too low to give a reliable picture of that individual facility. Yet these comparative data are useful for identifying facilities where follow-up activities could be undertaken. Note that it is also possible to highlight contrasts between different types of facilities in these figures, by using different shaded bars. Some examples are given in Annex 3.