Network for Monitoring the Impact of Globalization and TRIPS on Access to Medicines, Meeting Report, 19-21 February 2001, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand - Health Economics and Drugs Series No. 011
(2002; 67 pages) View the PDF document
Table of Contents
Open this folder and view contents1. Introduction
View the document2. Highlights of opening address of Dr Supachai Panitchpakdi
Close this folder3. 1Globalization, TRIPS and Access to Pharmaceuticals
View the documentA new era in global trade
View the documentWTO Agreements
View the documentImplementation and dispute settlement
Close this folderKey requirements of the TRIPS Agreement
View the documentPatent protection
View the documentRights conferred
View the documentTransitional arrangements
View the documentPublic health and TRIPS
View the documentPatentability
View the documentGeneric drugs
View the documentCompulsory licensing
View the documentParallel imports
View the documentTRIPS-plus provisions
View the documentNon-WTO Members
View the documentEvaluating impacts of trade agreements
Open this folder and view contentsWHO Perspectives on Access to Drugs
View the document4. Further Reading
View the document5. Template of selected model indicators for studying the impact of globalization and TRIPS on access to medicines
Open this folder and view contents6. Selected indicators for studying the impact of globalization and TRIPS on access to medicines
View the document7. The Collaborating Centres

Evaluating impacts of trade agreements

Protection of intellectual property rights aims to promote innovation by providing an incentive to invest in research and development. Yet the TRIPS Agreement, which seeks to fulfil this aim, has proven to be one of the most controversial WTO agreements. At least four questions are commonly raised from a public health perspective (Box 4). In view of the impact that the TRIPS Agreement could have on pharmaceuticals, WHO (in accord with World Health Assembly resolution WHA52.19) is using these four questions to monitor and analyse the effects of globalization and trade agreements on the pharmaceutical sector.

Concurrently, having been awarded observer status on an ad hoc basis by the WTO Council for TRIPS, WHO is able to monitor all relevant issues under discussion at WTO that may have implications for the health sector.

Box 4. Key questions for monitoring the public health impact of TRIPS

1. Are newer essential drugs more expensive than they would have been if not under patent?

2. Is the introduction of generic drugs being slowed?

3. Are more new drugs for neglected diseases being developed?

4. Are transfer of technology and direct foreign investment in developing countries increasing or decreasing?

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