How to Develop and Implement a National Drug Policy (Second Edition)
(2001; 96 pages) [French] [Spanish] View the PDF document
Table of Contents
View the documentContributors
View the documentAbbreviations and acronyms
View the documentPreface
Open this folder and view contentsPart I: How to develop and implement a national drug policy
Close this folderPart II: Key components of a national drug policy
Open this folder and view contents4. Selection of essential drugs
Close this folder5. Affordability
View the document5.1 Challenges
View the document5.2 Strategies to increase affordability
Open this folder and view contents6. Drug financing
Open this folder and view contents7. Supply systems
Open this folder and view contents8. Drug regulation
Open this folder and view contents9. Rational use of drugs
Open this folder and view contents10. Research
Open this folder and view contents11. Human resources development
Open this folder and view contents12. Monitoring and evaluation
View the documentReferences
View the documentSelected WHO publications and documents of related interest
View the documentBack cover

5. Affordability

Key policy issues

Affordable prices are an important prerequisite for ensuring access to essential drugs in the public and private sectors.

Key policy issues are:

• government commitment to ensuring access through increased affordability;

• for all drugs: reduction of drug taxes, tariffs and distribution margins; pricing policy;

• for multi-source products: promotion of competition through generic policies, generic substitution and good procurement practices;

• for single-source products: price negotiations, competition through price information and therapeutic substitution, and TRIPS-compliant measures such as compulsory licensing, “early workings” of patented drugs for generic manufacturers, and parallel imports.

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