Building Local Capacity for Clinical Pharmacy Service in Ethiopia through a Holistic In-Service Training Approach
(2014; 69 pages)

Geremew E., F. Worku, H. Tadeg, E. Ejigu, and N. Mekonnen. 2014. Building Local Capacity for Clinical Pharmacy Service in Ethiopia through a Holistic In-Service Training Approach. Submitted to the US Agency for International Development by the Systems for Improved Access to Pharmaceuticals and Services (SIAPS) Program. Arlington, VA: Management Sciences for Health.

Abstract

Recognizing the need for patient-focused services and the competency gap in the curriculum, schools of pharmacy in Ethiopia revised their curricula in 2008 to focus more on the patient. In addition, recognizing the potential benefits of introducing clinical pharmacy to the patients and the health sector, the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) has included clinical pharmacy services in the pharmacy chapter of the Ethiopian Hospital Reform Implementation Guidelines (EHRIG) as one of the key services to be provided by hospitals. The pharmacy chapter of the guideline has been implemented in all public hospitals since 2010. The document has explicitly indicated that pharmacists need to contribute to the safe, effective, and economic use of medicines so as to maximize treatment outcomes.

However, introducing clinical pharmacy services in Ethiopia requires pharmacists who are well trained in patient-focused services. That need proved to be a huge challenge in implementing the standards in the EHRIG because all pharmacists in the country were trained using the old product-focused curriculum. As a short-term solution to assist the Government of Ethiopia in commencing clinical pharmacy service at hospitals, SIAPS (and its predecessor program Strengthening Pharmaceutical Systems [SPS]) initiated an in-service training program aimed at building the clinical knowledge and skills of practicing hospital pharmacists. The training program proved to be a successful initiative that has attracted much interest and has brought together universities, the Pharmaceuticals Fund and Supply Agency (PFSA) and SIAPS for a new national objective: the initiation of clinical pharmacy service in Ethiopian hospitals, which is the first of its kind in the country.

 
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