Access to Essential Medicines in National Constitutions
(2010; 1 page)


The study reports that 135 (73%) of 186 national constitutions include provisions on health or the right to health. Of these, 95 (51%) constitutions mention the right to access health facilities, goods and services, 62 (45%) include in-text reference to equity and non-discrimination and 111 (82%) include one or more article(s) mandating the right to be treated equally or freedom from discrimination. Four national constitutions (2%) specifically mention universal access to medicines...

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