3.3.1 Resources, both human and material, should be made available for undertaking research in the priority areas identified by the consultation.
3.3.2 Technology transfer should be an integral part of any research agreement with foreign investigators/institutions, so that national research capabilities can be strengthened.
3.3.3 Countries should make efforts to involve traditional health practitioners in epidemiological surveys and in the surveillance of HIV infection and AIDS.
3.3.4 Traditional health practitioners should be involved in AIDS research in collaboration with modern health workers, as this would accord them the opportunity of biomedical testing and follow-up of their patients through the referral system.
3.3.5 Multidisciplinary, action-oriented research should be undertaken as the best means of promoting traditional medicine and utilizing traditional health practitioners in primary health care, especially in the prevention and control of AIDS and HIV infections. Involvement of local personnel in research teams (e.g., traditional health practitioners, community health workers, nurses, modern medical practitioners, botanists, chemists, pharmacologists, etc.) should be encouraged. Feedback of research results to all personnel and institutions involved in the project should be ensured.
3.3.6 Research priorities, as defined by national AIDS programmes in conjunction with the national body responsible and with the involvement of traditional health practitioners, should be based on affordability, cost-effectiveness, and feasibility. Research results should be carefully reported and disseminated, especially to health policy-makers and decision-makers at national level, as well as to the public, for information and education. All research must respect ethical principles.
3.3.7 National authorities should develop a mechanism for screening claims of “cures” in order to verify their authenticity.
3.3.8 National authorities should support multidisciplinary clinical studies on the safety and efficacy of traditional remedies in the treatment or management regimens of HIV infections and AIDS. Additional studies should explore social and behavioural issues surrounding beliefs and perceptions of HIV infections and AIDS.