A Proposed Standard International Acupuncture Nomenclature: Report of a WHO Scientific Group
(1991; 36 pages)
Table of Contents
View the documentWHO Scientific Group on International Acupuncture Nomenclature
View the document1. Introduction
Open this folder and view contents2. Background
Close this folder3. Proposed standard international acupuncture nomenclature
View the document3.1 Structure of the proposed nomenclature
View the document3.2 The 14 main meridians
View the document3.3 The 361 classical acupuncture points
View the document3.4 The 8 extra meridians
View the document3.5 The 48 extra points
View the document3.6 Scalp acupuncture lines
Open this folder and view contents4. Recommendations for further action by WHO in the field of acupuncture
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentBack cover
 

3.6 Scalp acupuncture lines

The Scientific Group considered the scalp acupuncture lines (Fig. 1-5) as well as the underlying functional zones of the brain (Fig. 6-7). It proposed the following nomenclature, using the alphabetic code MS (derived from “micro-system” and “scalp point”).

English name and location

Pinyin name

Han character name

Alphanumeric
code

middle line of forehead 1 cun from GV24 straight down along the meridian

ézhongxiàn

MS1

lateral line 1 of forehead 1 cun from BL3 straight down along the meridian

épángxiàn I

MS2

lateral line 2 of forehead 1 cun from GB15 straight down along the meridian

épángxiàn II

MS3

lateral line 3 of forehead 1 cun from the point 0.75 cun medial to ST8 straight down

épángxiàn III

MS4

middle line of vertex from GV20 to GV21 along the midline of head

dingzhongxiàn

MS5

anterior oblique line of vertex-temporal from qiánshéncong (one of the four acupuncture points collectively designated as Ex-HN1, 1 cun anterior to GV20) obliquely to GB6

dingniè qiánxiéxiàn

MS6

posterior oblique line of vertex-temporal from GV20 obliquely to GB7

dingniè hòuxiéxiàn

MS7

lateral line 1 of vertex 1.5 cun lateral to middle line of vertex, 1.5 cun from BL6 backward along the meridian

dingpángxiàn I

MS8

lateral line 2 of vertex 2.25 cun lateral to middle line of vertex, 1.5 cun from GB17 backward along the meridian

dingpángxiàn II

MS9

anterior temporal line from GB4 to GB6

nièqiánxiàn

MS10

posterior temporal line from GB8 to GB7

nièhòuxiàn

MS11

upper-middle line of occiput from GV18 to GV17

zhenshàng zhèngzhongxiàn

MS12

upper-lateral line of occiput 0.5 cun lateral and parallel to upper-middle line of occiput

zhenshàng pángxiàn

MS13

lower-lateral line of occiput 2 cun from BL9 straight down

zhenxià pángxiàn

MS14


Fig. 1. Scalp acupuncture lines MS1, MS2, MS3 and MS4 (anterior view)


Fig. 2. Scalp acupuncture line MS5 (vertex view)


Fig. 3. Scalp acupuncture lines MS6 and MS7 (lateral view)


Fig. 4. Scalp acupuncture lines MS8, MS9, MS10 and MS11 (lateral view)


Fig. 5. Scalp acupuncture lines MS12, MS13 and MS14 (posterior view)


Fig. 6. Scalp acupuncture lines MS6, MS7, MS8, MS9, MS10 and MS11 superimposed on functional zones of the brain*

* These scalp acupuncture lines were formerly named in functional terms. The proposed standard international nomenclature is based on surface anatomy so as to facilitate localization of the lines, but their relationship to the underlying functional structures has not changed.


Fig. 7. Scalp acupuncture lines MS12, MS13 and MS14 superimposed on functional zones of the brain*

* These scalp acupuncture lines were formerly named in functional terms. The proposed standard international nomenclature is based on surface anatomy so as to facilitate localization of the lines, but their relationship to the underlying functional structures has not changed.

 

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