A Proposed Standard International Acupuncture Nomenclature: Report of a WHO Scientific Group
(1991; 36 pages)
Table of Contents
View the documentWHO Scientific Group on International Acupuncture Nomenclature
View the document1. Introduction
Open this folder and view contents2. Background
Close this folder3. Proposed standard international acupuncture nomenclature
View the document3.1 Structure of the proposed nomenclature
View the document3.2 The 14 main meridians
View the document3.3 The 361 classical acupuncture points
View the document3.4 The 8 extra meridians
View the document3.5 The 48 extra points
View the document3.6 Scalp acupuncture lines
Open this folder and view contents4. Recommendations for further action by WHO in the field of acupuncture
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentBack cover
 

3.5 The 48 extra points

In its review of the 48 extra points, the Scientific Group used the following criteria:

1. The point should be in common use.
2. It should be considered clinically effective.
3. It should have a clear anatomical location.
4. It should be at least 0.5 cun9 from a classical acupuncture point.
5. If it has the same name as an existing point, a prefix should be added to it.

 

9 The unit of measurement used for locating acupuncture points. A cun is the distance between the interphalangeal creases of the patient’s middle finger.

The proposed alphanumeric code consists of a general prefix “EX”, denoting “extra point”, followed by an alphabetic code indicating the region (HN for head and neck, CA for chest and abdomen, B for back, UE for upper extremity, and LE for lower extremity). Points are numbered from the higher to the lower level for the head, neck and trunk regions; from the proximal to the distal for the upper and lower extremities; and, if at the same level, from the medial to the lateral.

head and neck
tóujing

EX-HN1

sìshéncong

EX-HN2

dangyáng

EX-HN3

yìntáng

EX-HN4

yúyao

EX-HN5

tàiyáng

EX-HN6

erjian

EX-HN7

qiúhòu

EX-HN8

shàngyíngxiang

EX-HN9

nèiyíngxiang

EX-HN10

jùquán

EX-HN11

hàiquán

EX-HN12

jinjin

EX-HN13

yùyè

EX-HN14

yìmíng

EX-HN15

jingbailáo

chest and abdomen
xiongfù

EX-CA1

zhigong

back
bèi

EX-B1

dìngchuan

EX-B2

jiáji

EX-B3

wèiwanxiàshu

EX-B4

pigen

EX-B5

xiàzhìshì

EX-B6

yaoyí

EX-B7

yaoyan

EX-B8

shíqizhui

EX-B9

yaoqí

upper extremities
shàngzhi

EX-UE1

zhoujian

EX-UE2

èrbái

EX-UE3

zhongquán

EX-UE4

zhongkuí

EX-UE5

dàgukong

EX-UE6

xiaogukong

EX-UE7

yaotòngdian

EX-UE8

wàiláogong

EX-UE9

baxié

EX-UE10

sìfèng

EX-UE11

shíxuan

lower extremities
xiàzhi

EX-LE1

kuangu

EX-LE2

hèding

EX-LE3

xinèi

EX-LE4

nèixiyan

EX-LE5

xiyan

EX-LE6

dannáng

EX-LE7

lánwei

EX-LE8

nèihuáijian

EX-LE9

wàihuáijian

EX-LE10

bafeng

EX-LE11

dúyin

EX-LE12

qìduan

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