Report of the Inter-Regional Workshop on Intellectual Property Rights in the Context of Traditional Medicine (Bangkok, Thailand, 6-8 December 2000)
(2001; 52 pages) View the PDF document
Table of Contents
View the documentAcknowledgements
Open this folder and view contents1. Introduction
Close this folder2. The role of intellectual property rights in the context of traditional medicine
View the document2.1. Importance of traditional medicine
View the document2.2. Intellectual property rights for traditional knowledge
View the document2.3. Innovations based on traditional medicine knowledge
View the document2.4. Individuals and institutions involved in discovery and innovation based on the knowledge of traditional medicine
View the document2.5. Challenges to close the gap between existing patent laws and the need to protect traditional knowledge and biodiversity
View the document2.6. Briefing for the Workshop
View the document3. Globalization, the TRIPS Agreement and access to essential drugs
View the document4. Intellectual property rights
View the document5. Systems and national experience for protecting traditional knowledge, innovations and practices
Open this folder and view contents6. Problems and gaps in traditional medicine in relation to modern patent laws
View the document7. Group discussion on existing problems and gaps for the protection of traditional medicine knowledge
Open this folder and view contents8. Presentations on national patent law: means, experiences and proposals
View the document9. Recommendations
View the documentAnnex I. Message to the Workshop from Dr Uton Muchtar Rafei, Regional Director WHO South-East Asia Region
View the documentAnnex II. Welcome address from Dr Mongkol Na Songkhla, Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Public Health, Thailand
View the documentAnnex III. Workshop Agenda
View the documentAnnex IV. List of Participants

2.3. Innovations based on traditional medicine knowledge

Depending on the therapies used, traditional medicine can be broadly categorized as medication or non-medication. The former involves the use of herbal medicines, animal parts and minerals, while the latter involves various therapies, primarily without the use of medication. These include acupuncture and related techniques, chiropractic, osteopathy, manual therapies, qigong, tai ji, yoga, naturopathy, thermal therapy, and other physical, mental, spiritual and mind-body therapies.

She said that there are many possibilities for innovation using traditional medicines and therapies. She cited the examples of Artemisia annua, for the management of malaria, and the use of ginkgo leaves in European products instead of the fruits, which are traditionally used in China. Innovations could also involve new dosage forms or new indications for traditionally used medication.

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