Report of the Inter-Regional Workshop on Intellectual Property Rights in the Context of Traditional Medicine (Bangkok, Thailand, 6-8 December 2000)
(2001; 52 pages) View the PDF document
Table of Contents
View the documentAcknowledgements
Open this folder and view contents1. Introduction
Close this folder2. The role of intellectual property rights in the context of traditional medicine
View the document2.1. Importance of traditional medicine
View the document2.2. Intellectual property rights for traditional knowledge
View the document2.3. Innovations based on traditional medicine knowledge
View the document2.4. Individuals and institutions involved in discovery and innovation based on the knowledge of traditional medicine
View the document2.5. Challenges to close the gap between existing patent laws and the need to protect traditional knowledge and biodiversity
View the document2.6. Briefing for the Workshop
View the document3. Globalization, the TRIPS Agreement and access to essential drugs
View the document4. Intellectual property rights
View the document5. Systems and national experience for protecting traditional knowledge, innovations and practices
Open this folder and view contents6. Problems and gaps in traditional medicine in relation to modern patent laws
View the document7. Group discussion on existing problems and gaps for the protection of traditional medicine knowledge
Open this folder and view contents8. Presentations on national patent law: means, experiences and proposals
View the document9. Recommendations
View the documentAnnex I. Message to the Workshop from Dr Uton Muchtar Rafei, Regional Director WHO South-East Asia Region
View the documentAnnex II. Welcome address from Dr Mongkol Na Songkhla, Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Public Health, Thailand
View the documentAnnex III. Workshop Agenda
View the documentAnnex IV. List of Participants

2.2. Intellectual property rights for traditional knowledge

Many activities and products based on traditional knowledge are important sources of income. Traditional technologies and innovations, which are by their very nature adapted to local needs, can provide a viable and environmentally and sustainable path to economic development. Access to genetic resources and the associated traditional knowledge can provide substantial benefits to companies and scientific research centres in both developed and developing countries. However, there is concern that traditional knowledge is sometimes appropriated, adapted and patented by scientists and industry, for the most part from developed countries, with little or no compensation to the custodians of this knowledge and without their prior informed consent. Developing countries should rally their concern for a fair and equitable sharing of benefits.

At present, there is also no agreement on what would be the most appropriate and effective way to achieve the goal of a fair and equitable sharing of the benefits derived from technologies and innovations based on traditional knowledge by both developing and developed countries.

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