World Health Organization
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The World Health Organization recommends that the term sexually transmitted disease (STD) be replaced by the term sexually transmitted infections (STI). The term sexually transmitted infections has been adopted as it better incorporates asymptomatic infections. In addition, the term has been adopted by a wide range of scientific and publications.
Reproductive tract infections encompass three main groups of infection, particularly in women, and sometimes in men. These groups are endogenous infections in the female genital tract (e.g. candidiasis and bacterial vaginosis), iatrogenic infections that may be acquired through non-sterile medical, personal or cultural practices and classical STI. Currently, research in being conducted to better understand the determinants of endogenous infections. They are not primarily sexually transmitted; thus, clinical and public health actions as recommended for STI may not apply to these infections. Given the current state of knowledge and understanding of these infections treatment of partners is not recommended as routine public health practice. Reassurance and patient education are critical with regard to the nature of these endogenous infections.