- Medicine Access and Rational Use > Primary Health Care
- Traditional Medicine > Traditional, Complementary and Herbal Medicine
(1995; 146 pages)
STEP III: Determining the Training Methods
Develop a training plan
A training plan is another key element of a successful programme. The plan is like a blueprint for building a house: the training plan identifies the behaviours to be taught to THPs and lists the activities and educational materials that will be needed to achieve these results. The plan should also include a timetable and a chronological order to the skills to be learned.
A training plan is a curriculum divided into sessions with a lesson plan for each session. Each lesson plan consists of one or more objectives, materials and methods needed, and a description of exactly how each session will be conducted.
Group the knowledge and skills to be taught in a logical pattern
For TBAs, this might include birthing skills, prenatal care, etc. For herbalists, it might include the collection, preservation, and use of medicinal plants, organizing communities toward better sanitation, etc.
Integrate the teaching of new ideas about health with indigenous beliefs about health and illness
A number of indigenous concepts about healing can be used to explain some modern principles about the promotion of health and the treatment of illness. This makes it easier for THPs to understand and embrace the concepts being taught.
Choose appropriate training methods
Be sure to consider the educational and cultural backgrounds and the learning styles of adults. Do not let the lack of formal education be a barrier to learning. Use a variety of methods and make the learning process as active and participative as possible.
Use some of the following methods: Give a talk. Use discussion, taking care to draw people out and facilitate group participation. Role play with students. Give a demonstration, being sure to encourage discussion afterward. And use summary and review to reinforce skills learned in the day's session.