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Estimating Drug Requirements - A Practical Manual
(1995; 158 pages) [French] [Spanish] View the PDF document
Abstract
The manual is intended primarily for countries embarking on an Action Programme on Essential Drugs and Vaccines, which requires an effective drug supply management system. The main components of such a system are: 1) Selection: Deciding what drugs are needed. 2) Quantification: estimating how much of each drug is needed. 3) Procurement: selecting suppliers, placing and monitoring orders, checking delivery quantities and quality, and paying suppliers. 4) Distribution: reception, storage, stock control, transportation, and record keeping for monitoring and control. 5) Use: prescription, dispensing and use of drugs, and patients’ compliance with prescriptions. This manual deals with the second component, quantification. Quantification should not be regarded as a purely computational procedure, for as can be seen above, it is part of a sequence of interdependent steps in the drug supply management system. Effective quantification requires specific data concerning morbidity and drug use, and fundamental decisions about which drugs are to be available and how they are to be prescribed. In short, the process must be fully integrated into the drug supply management system. This integration can only be assured if there is a long term and high level commitment to an overall system based on an agreed policy and specific procedures.
Table of Contents
View the documentPREFACE
Open this folder and view contentsPART I: INTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contentsPART II: THE MORBIDITY METHOD
Open this folder and view contentsPART III: THE CONSUMPTION METHOD
Open this folder and view contentsANNEXES
 

Estimating Drug Requirements - A Practical Manual

Action Programme on Essential Drugs and Vaccines


WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
GENEVA

First Edition, 1988
Reprinted, 1990, 1991, 1995

This document is not a formal publication of the World Health Organization (WHO) and all rights are reserved by the Organization. The document may, however, be freely reviewed, abstracted, reproduced or translated, in part or in whole, but not for sale or use in conjunction with commercial purposes.

It is expected that this manual will need to be modified in different countries or communities in order to meet the needs of its users. WHO welcomes comments on the manual and information on experience in its use or adaptation: these should be addressed to:

Programme Manager
Action Programme on Essential Drugs and Vaccines
World Health Organisation
1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland.

 

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