(1999; 168 pages) [Spanish]
4.1 Methods used to verify the identity of chemical reference substances
Where a proposed substance consists of a compound whose structure has been satisfactorily defined, its identity may be confirmed by matching the IR spectra of the substance to that of an authentic compound. Particular care should be taken when polymorphism exists (7). Other highly specific techniques, such as NMR spectroscopy, MS, or X-ray diffraction crystallography, may also be used for such comparisons. The identity of a substance that is intended to replace an established chemical reference substance of the same molecular constitution must be verified, to determine that the characteristic properties of the two specimens are identical. For this purpose it is often sufficient to compare their IR absorption spectra.
However, where no authentic specimen of the proposed substance is available for comparison, and definitive data about its properties are lacking, it may be necessary to verify its identity by applying several analytical techniques currently used to characterize new compounds. Such analytical methods may include elemental analyses, crystallographic studies, MS, NMR spectroscopy, functional group analyses, and IR or UV spectrophotometry, as well as other supplementary tests as required to establish that the proposed substance is fully characterized.