(1999; 168 pages) [Spanish]
3.2 Use in purity tests
The characterization of a chemical reference substance used in the determination of a specific impurity is more extensive, especially when used in a limit test. If the technique employed is thin-layer chromatography (TLC) an acceptable minimum purity is recommended (normally at least 90%), but purer material may be required for liquid chromatography (LC) or gas chromatography (GC). If the proposed reference substance is being prepared or isolated for the first time, appropriate chemical and physicochemical tests, such as nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), mass spectrometry (MS) and elemental analysis, must be applied to characterize it.