The TRIPs Agreement and Pharmaceuticals. Report of an ASEAN Workshop on the TRIPs Agreement and its Impact on Pharmaceuticals. Jakarta, 2-4 May 2000
(2000; 91 pages) View the PDF document
Table of Contents
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentLIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS
View the documentEXECUTIVE SUMMARY
View the documentI. INTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contentsII. GENERAL ISSUES
Open this folder and view contentsIII. TECHNICAL ISSUES
Close this folderIV. SPECIAL ISSUES
View the document4.1 Traditional medicinal knowledge & intellectual property rights
View the document4.2 Implications of the TRIPs Agreement on Biotechnology
Close this folder4.3 Biodiversity
View the document4.3.1 Biodiversity Convention
View the document4.3.2 Geographical indications
View the documentV. ISSUES DISCUSSED IN WORKING GROUPS
View the documentVI. RECOMMENDATIONS
Open this folder and view contentsANNEXES
 

4.3.2 Geographical indications

Yet another way of protecting a country’s biodiversity assets which are uniquely endemic to certain geographical locations in the country is via the use of geographical indications. A “geographical indication” refers to the use of a place name to describe a product; such a name usually identifies both the product’s geographical origin and its characteristics. Products such as Scotch Whisky, Champagne and Roquefort Cheese fall in this category.

Biological assets, which are distinguishable in terms of quality and/or traits and which are known as originating from a specific geographical region, could be protected through appropriate national legislations on geographical appellations. Coupled with trademark issues, lack of protection of geographical indications could mislead the customer. Where applicable, developing countries should bring geographical indications in their national legislation in order to protect their bio-assets.

 

to previous section
to next section
 
 
The WHO Essential Medicines and Health Products Information Portal was designed and is maintained by Human Info NGO. Last updated: June 25, 2014