The TRIPs Agreement and Pharmaceuticals. Report of an ASEAN Workshop on the TRIPs Agreement and its Impact on Pharmaceuticals. Jakarta, 2-4 May 2000
(2000; 91 pages) View the PDF document
Table of Contents
View the documentEXECUTIVE SUMMARY
View the documentI. INTRODUCTION
Close this folderII. GENERAL ISSUES
Close this folder2.1 Background
View the document2.1.1 The World Trade Organization
View the document2.1.2 The philosophy of Intellectual Property Rights
View the document2.1.3 The importance of intellectual property rights for national development.
View the document2.1.4 The World Intellectual Property Organization
View the document2.2 WHO’s perspective on globalization and access to drugs
View the document2.3 The history of the TRIPs negotiations
Open this folder and view contents2.4 Stakeholders’ views
Open this folder and view contents2.5 Country experiences
Open this folder and view contentsIII. TECHNICAL ISSUES
Open this folder and view contentsIV. SPECIAL ISSUES
View the documentVI. RECOMMENDATIONS
Open this folder and view contentsANNEXES

2.1.4 The World Intellectual Property Organization

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is one of the 16 specialized agencies of the UN. As of January 2000, it had 173 member states. WIPO is responsible for the promotion of protection of intellectual property rights throughout the world. Its principal activities are the progressive development of nuance in field of intellectual property, the administration of certain treaties for global protection of intellectual property, and development cooperation with respect to intellectual property.

In the field of industrial property, the main objectives of WIPO’s cooperation with developing countries are:

• To encourage and increase the creation of patentable inventions by developing countries nationals and thereby to enhance their technological self-reliance and their competitiveness in international markets.

• To improve the conditions for their acquisition of foreign patents and technology.

• To increase their competitiveness in international trade through better protection and more effective use of trademarks and service marks.

• To facilitate a developing country’s access to technological information contained in patent documents.

WIPO can assist developing countries with the implementation of their obligations under the TRIPs Agreement. This assistance includes:

• Advising; at their request, WIPO provides legislative advice to developing countries when they are drafting laws on intellectual property;

• Awareness raising and human resources development;

• Institution building and modernization of intellectual property systems, including the provision of specially developed software;

• Publishing studies on the implications of TRIPs Agreement on developing countries.

The provision of legal technical assistance to developing countries, related to TRIPs implementation, is one of the activities under a WIPO-WTO cooperation agreement.

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