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Health risks in aquifer recharge using reclaimed water : state of the art report / edited by R. Aertgeerts and A. Angelakis
Aertgeerts, Roger; Angelakis, A; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2003 )
Identification of high-risk communities for schistosomiasis in Africa : a multicountry study / prepared by the Red Urine Study Group
UNDP/World Bank/WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases; Red Urine Study Group ( 1995 )
Décisions en rapport avec les conventions internationales sur les stupéfiants et les substances psychotropes: rapport du Directeur général
Conseil exécutif, 69 ( 1982 )
Voluntary fund for health promotion: medical research
Executive Board, 31 ( 1963 )
CINDI Health Monitor : a study of feasibility of a health behaviour monitoring survey across CINDI countries : data book
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2003 )
To better monitor health-related behaviour at community level in countries which are implementing an integrated approach towards noncommunicable disease prevention and control, a CINDI Health Monitor survey was introduced in the CINDI (Countrywide Integrated Noncommunicable Diseases Intervention) Programme. In 2000-2002, 32 surveys were carried out in 26 countries of the CINDI network. In order to assess the process of the implementation of the surveys and to study feasibility of such surveys, a survey on the methodological aspects of the CINDI Health Monitor survey was conducted. A database on the results was established and a data book prepared, which will be used to study the experience of the implementation of the CINDI Health Monitor survey at country level and elaborate strategies for the development of a regular health behaviour monitoring system
Engagement with private sector.
( 2009-06-08 )
A large and varied private sector plays a dominant role in health in the South-East Asia Region – in terms of both finance and provision of services. However, much of this activity is unregulated and does not contribute effectively to the national health agenda, including affordable universal coverage within an overall primary health care policy approach. Evidence indicates that households in SEAR rely on private provision even for essential services like maternal and child health care; and, that this is financed through high (and impoverishing) out-of-pocket payments – more than anywhere else in the world. A systematic approach to engaging the private sector has been neglected largely because of ideology: health is considered a merit good and a human right for which market based decisions are unacceptable, politically and socially. At a policy level, engaging the private sector has tended to be equated with privatization, constraining inclusion in the health effort. Country experience, while limited, especially in the Region, does indicate that the strategic use of contracting and payment mechanisms allow effective engagement of the private sector to advance on universal access; providing quality priority services to targeted population groups at affordable prices; and, in fact, enhancing overall health systems performance. Importantly, ‘more’ private sector has not meant ‘less’ government, rather, it implies strong government presence, only in a different role that emphasizes governance and financing rather than direct provision. Where the role of the private sector is already large, the relative costs and benefits of effective engagement for universal coverage compared with scaling-up public provision is an option for serious policy consideration. Such mixed strategies would need appropriate modalities for partnership and new capacities to be developed on both sides. Furthermore, this approach does not preclude political and social stands on the preferred roles of government and private sector in health based on ideology as well as the strengths and weaknesses of government. The attached working paper is submitted to the High-Level Preparatory (HLP) Meeting for its review and recommendations. These recommendations will be submitted to the Sixty-second Session of the Regional Committee for its consideration.