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Escalating poliomyelitis emergency in the Eastern Mediterranean Region
( 2013 )
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Report on the Second meeting of the regional Scientific and Technical Advisory Committee of the WHO/UNEP project supported by the Global Environmental Facility, Cairo, Egypt, 1–3 July 2009
( 2010 )
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العمل العاجل للتصدي لطارئة شلل الأطفال المتفاقمة التي باتت تهدد جميع الدول الأعضاء في إقليم شرق المتوسط
( 2013 )
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Report on the first meeting of the Regional Scientific and Technical Advisory Committee [STAC] of the WHO/EMR/UNEP/GEF-supported project, Amman, Jordan, 2–3 November 2008
( 2009 )
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اجتماع تقني الشراء المجمَّع للقاحات: استعراض التقدُّم الـمُحْرز حتى الآن
( 2013 )
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Update on mental health care in Lebanon
( 2010 )
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Characterization of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Syrian patients by double-repetitive-element polymerase chain reaction
( 2010 )
Abstract

The role of previous treatment in the dynamics of tuberculosis transmission has not been adequately investigated. Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from previously treated patients [n = 88] from all regions of Syrian Arab Republic were characterized in terms of antibiotic sensitivity and genotyping using double-repetitive-element polymerase chain reaction [DRE-PCR] method for the proximity of the repetitive DNA elements IS6110 [a mobile genetic element] and PGRS. The 88 isolates resulted in 59 different DRE-PCR patterns. Correlations related to age, sex, region, sensitivity and genotype were examined. All regions of the country showed high levels of genotype diversity, suggesting a low level of transmission of M. tuberculosis strains in previously treated patients

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Immunoinflammatory markers and disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus: something old, something new
( 2010 )
Abstract

This study assessed the utility of some novel inflammatory markers compared with traditional laboratory markers in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus [SLE]. In a cohort of 43 SLE patients [19 with inactive and 24 with active SLE] and 20 healthy controls, serial measures of soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule [sVCAM-1] were significantly associated with SLE disease activity, scored using the British Isles Lupus Assessment Group index. Inflammatory markers neopterin and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule [sICAM-1] appeared to be clinically useful for isolated assessments of disease activity. Both antibodies to double-stranded DNA [antidsDNA] and sVCAM-1 were relatively good markers of disease activity and could help to predict remission or monitor the therapeutic response in SLE

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Smokeless tobacco use in Pakistan and its association with oropharyngeal cancer
( 2010 )
Abstract

Smokeless tobacco [ST], wtclefy used in Pakistan, poses a high risk for oral cancer. Our hospital-based data illustrate that oropharyngeal cancer [9.9%] is the second leading malignancy after breast cancer [16.1%], and is significantly higher than in other Member States of the World Health Organization's Eastern Mediterranean Region. Urdu-speaking communities had a proportionately higher rate of oropharyngeal cancer [20.4%], followed by Balochis [19.9%], Sindhis [16.8%], Punjabis [11.7%] and Pashtuns [9.6%]. Association of oropharyngeal cancer with ST use was four times higher relative to no history of tobacco use after adjusting for age, ethnicity and gender. Our findings also show a predominance of this cancer among males relative to females and one-third of the reported cases occurred among individuals under 40 years. These findings have significant social impact, indicating the need for urgent intervention against the use of ST

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Role of neutrophils in cutaneous leishmaniasis
( 2010 )
Abstract

Neutrophils are always present in the cytomorphologic process of leishmaniasis but their role is still not fully understood. Microscopic examination was done on smears from 56 cases of clinically diagnosed cutaneous leishmaniasis. Neutrophils were the predominant cells in the smear [>35% of the total cell count including neutrophils, macrophages and lymphocytes] in 7% of cases, a minority [10%-35% of total cells] in 36% of cases and rare [< 10% of total cells] in 57% of cases. Microscope images confirmed that neutrophils appeared to have an important role in leishmania elimination through phagocytosis of amastigotes in the later stages of the disease process