Regional Strategy for Immunization During the Period 2003-2005: Report of the Regional Director
Abstract1- In 1995, the forty-firth Regional Committee adopted resolution AFR/RC45/R5 to improve the orientation of the regional EPI strategic plan of action covering the period 1996-2000. Member States developed and implemented national strategies to address the goals of polio eradication, measles control and elimination of neonatal tetanus in the context of the strengthening of national immunization programmes. 2- Substantial progress has been made towards achieving those goals. Poliomyelitis transmission on to verge of being interrupted; twelve countries have eliminated neonatal tetanus and seven southem African countries sustained measles elimination from 1999 to 2001. However vaccine-preventable diseases remain major causes of morbidity, disability and mortality, with an estimated 1.1 million deaths occurring annually in the African Region. These deaths are due (a) the stagnation of routine immunization coverage at low to medium levels; (b) the lack of adequate attention to and support for the implementation of strategies aimed at eliminating neonatal tetanus and reducing measles mortality; and (c) the delay in incorporating the yellow fever vaccine endemic countries and new vaccines (hepatitis B and Haemophilus type B vaccines) into routine immunization systems. Implementation of regional EPI strategies will need to be accelerated to further reduce deaths from vaccine-preventable diseases while improving the chances of not delaying the certification of polio eradication in the African Region. 3- This document proposes the acceleration strategies needed to attain the EPI targets set for 2005. These strategies are intended to strengthen the implementation of routine immunization, refocus on diseases control initiatives and enhance the introduction of new vaccines in the African Region over the next three years. 4- Member states are expected to reach by 2005 higher levels of routine immunization coverage for all EPI antigens; achieve certification of polio eradication; control measles; eliminate neonatal tetanus and introduce new vaccines, all in a sustainable manner. 5- The plan for accelerating the implementation of the regional EPI strategy during the period 2003-2005 contained in this document is submitted to the Regional Committee for adoption.
Regional Committee for Africa, 52. (2002). Regional Strategy for Immunization During the Period 2003-2005: Report of the Regional Director. WHO. Regional Office for Africa. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/93474
DescriptionRegional Committee for Africa Fifty-second Session Brazzaville, Congo, 19–23 August 2002, Provisional agenda item 8.2
Gov't Doc #AFR/RC52/9
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