Women’s Health: a Strategy for the African Region: Report of the Regional Director
Abstract1. Women’s health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being of women throughout their lifespan and not only their reproductive health. Women’s health is a result of the interaction of different factors: biological, psychological and sociocultural influences; environmental and occupational conditions; and economic development. The various stages in the life of a woman range from infancy, childhood, adolescence and adulthood to the postreproductive years. Each stage has specific health problems that influence outcomes in subsequent years. 2. Women’s biological vulnerability, low social status, limited access to health services, low level of literacy and lack of decision-making powers are major determinants of ill-health. Difficult geographical and financial access, poor quality of care, attitude of health care workers and long waiting hours in health facilities have limited women’s utilization of services. All these factors require detailed studies in order to inform policies and promote effective planning and interventions. 3. The creation of an enabling environment for women at all levels is critical to the attainment by them of the highest possible level of health as reflected in the Health-for-All Policy for the 21st Century in the African Region: Agenda 2020. This consists of health system responsiveness to the needs of women, education of the girl-child, quality health care, elimination of gender discrimination and harmful traditional practices, and an appreciation of the role of women in sustaining human life.
Regional Committee for Africa, 53. (2003). Women’s Health: a Strategy for the African Region: Report of the Regional Director. WHO. Regional Office for Africa. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/93246
DescriptionRegional Committee for Africa Fifty-third Session Johannesburg, South Africa, 1–5 September 2003, Provisional agenda item 8.4
Gov't Doc #AFR-RC53-11 Rev.1
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Regional Committee for Africa, 58 (AFR/RC58/5, 2008)By virtue of their multiple roles, women constitute a key link in the chain of development actions worldwide. Women not only account for over half of the population of countries in general, but they also invest their energy in families and communities, thus contributing to the wealth of nations. 2. Women need to be in a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being to be able to carry out their numerous responsibilities. Against this background, during the United Nations Decade for Women (1975-1985) and at various international ...