Improving Access to Care and Treatment for HIV/AIDS in the African Region: the 3 by 5 Initiative and Beyond Report of the Regional Director
Abstract1. HIV/AIDS is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the African Region. About 2.3 million people died of AIDS in the Region in 2003, mainly due to lack of access to antiretroviral therapy (ART). Member States have responded to the need for care and treatment by providing services for the management of opportunistic infections, counselling, testing, palliative care and ART. Despite some progress, the coverage of these services is very low: only 2.3% of those in need have access to ART. 2. The main impediments to comprehensive care and treatment have been inadequacies in funding, human resources, medicines and diagnostic technologies. Despite these constraints, countries and international partners have renewed their determination to expand access to HIV/AIDS care and treatment. 3. In December 2003, the WHO launched an initiative to place 3 million people on ART by the end of 2005, The 3 by 5 Initiative. The Regional Office for Africa aims to prolong the lives of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) by providing guidance on implementing The 3 by 5 Initiative. Accelerated action is needed for advocacy, strengthening of health systems, community mobilization, decentralization, integration and fostering partnerships.
Regional Committee for Africa, 54. (2004). Improving Access to Care and Treatment for HIV/AIDS in the African Region: the 3 by 5 Initiative and Beyond Report of the Regional Director. WHO. Regional Office for Africa. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/93117
DescriptionRegional Committee for Africa Fifty-fourth Session Brazzaville, Republic of Congo, 30 August–3 September 2004: Provisional agenda item 9.4
Gov't Doc #AFR/RC54/14 Rev. 1
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