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Title: Occupational Health and Safety in the African Region: Situation Analysis and Perspective Report of the Regional Director
Authors: Regional Committee for Africa, 54
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: WHO. Regional Office for Africa
Place of publication: Brazzaville
Language: English
Abstract: 1. It is estimated that every year over 1.1 million people worldwide die of occupational injuries and work-related diseases. In developing countries, the risks that foster ill-health are estimated to be 10 to 20 times higher than in developed countries. 2. The emergence of new technologies and the expansion of trade and financial regimes have transformed formal employment to the informal sector. In the future, self-employment and the informal sector are expected to be more important in both developing and industrialized countries. Workers in mining, forestry, construction and agriculture face increased risks. Many of them suffer occupational injuries and disease which lead to disability and premature death. In developing countries, only about 10% of workers have access to occupational health services. 3. Globally, efforts to improve workplace conditions were implemented as early as 1954, but it was only in 1979 that the World Health Organization and the International Labour Organization intensified their efforts. Notably, Resolution WHA32.14 on the Comprehensive Workers’ Health Programme further developed occupational health, and Resolution WHA33.31 encouraged countries to integrate occupational health into primary health care services and to cover underserved populations. More recently, in 1996, the Global strategy on occupational health for all was developed by WHO collaborating centres.
Description: Regional Committee for Africa Fifty-fourth Session Brazzaville, Republic of Congo, 30 August–3 September 2004: Provisional agenda item 9.3
Subject: Occupational Health
Occupational Injuries
Occupational Diseases
Disabled Persons
Mortality, Premature
Gov't Doc #: AFR/RC54/13 Rev. 1
Appears in Collections:Regional Committee for Africa

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