Sharing best Practices in Scaling up Interventions for Prevention
KurzdarstellungThe African Region of WHO is the Region most affected by malaria. It accounts for about 60% of the estimated 300–500 million malaria cases worldwide and for more than 80% of the global malaria deaths recorded each year. The economic cost of malaria for the Region is estimated at US $12 billion annually. There is general agreement on cost-effective interventions for malaria prevention and control, namely the use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs), indoor residual spraying (IRS), intermittent preventive treatment for pregnant women and prompt and effective case management. 2. The expression of global interest in moving towards malaria elimination underscores the need to accelerate the scaling up of interventions. Most countries are implementing either single interventions or multiple interventions piecemeal but have yet to scale up their interventions. By the end of 2006, less than 10 % of children aged below five years who had fever had received Artemisinin-based Combination Therapy ACTs and only 10% of them on average slept under ITN. However, in some countries where ITN use is above 40%, e.g. Eritrea, Kenya, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe and Tanzania (specifically in the island of Zanzibar), there have been substantial reduction in malaria morbidity and mortality. Similar reductions have been observed in South Africa and Swaziland which mainly use IRS.
Regional Committee for Africa, 58. (2008). Sharing best Practices in Scaling up Interventions for Prevention. WHO. Regional Office for Africa. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/92227
BeschreibungRegional Committee for Africa Fifty-eighth session Yaounde, Republic of Cameroon, 1–5 September 2008, Provisional agenda item 9
Gov't Doc #AFR/RC58/PD/2
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Работа ВОЗ в 1976-1977 годах: двухгодичный отчет Генерального директора Всемирной ассамблее здравоохранения и Организации Объединенных Наций Всемирная организация здравоохранения; Д-р Х. Малер (1978)