Priorities at the interface of health care, medical practice and medical education : report of the Global Conference on International Collaboration on Medical Education and Practice, 12-15 June 1994, Rockford, Illinois, U.S.A
AbstractReforms in medical education and medical practice are needed, not only to ensure that doctors fit into health systems consonant with the goals of Health for All, but above all so that they proactively contribute to the shaping of such systems. Within the context of achieving the numbers and mix of the health workforce that make optimal health care delivery possible, the medical profession must examine itself in relation to society's needs. In response to these concerns, the World Health Organization and the University of Illinois College of Medicine at Rockford, Illinois, USA (a WHO Collaborating Centre for Educational Development of Health Professionals and Health Care Systems), co-sponsored a global conference on medical education and practice, 12-15 June 1994 in Rockford. The context of the conference was established by means of presentations on the interface between medical education, medical practice and health care reform; education of practitioners for global health sector reform; future health challenges in affluent countries and developing countries; priority areas in medical education and practice for the next decade; and guidelines for international collaboration. To further encourage reflection on possibilities for international collaboration, representatives of three WHO collaborating centres in medical education and practice described their institutional priorities and activities, and representatives of three medical schools outlined the programmes of international collaboration they would to pursue if designated WHO collaborating centres. Participants identified 18 priority areas at the interface of health care, medical practice and medical education under the categories of mission/policy of the medical school, partnership, health services, education and research. They selected, in order of priority, up to three areas in which their institutions were prepared to engage in international collaboration. These statements of institutional priority formed the basis of a matrix for international collaboration. Participants stressed the importance of building the capacity of individual institutions through optimal local use - and inter-institutional sharing - of human, material and financial resources. Information exchange should be maximized through means ranging from face-to-face contact at meetings to the use of electronic mail. There should be very active efforts to raise funds from local, regional and global sources. It was generally agreed that a consultative body should be set up to provide guidance on a shared strategy and to facilitate international collaborative efforts. At all levels, WHO was expected to be very important in mobilizing the various potential partners for collaboration worldwide. In particular, WHO headquarters could serve as a clearinghouse for information on people, organizations and activities. It was anticipated that after the conference the matrix would be circulated for further refinement and institutional approval. A WHO brochure then in draft would be completed, for presentation to potential donors and main partners in collaboration. The membership, responsibilities workplan and financing of the proposed consultative body should be determined. Preliminary plans could be made for a second global conference, possibly to be held in 1998
Global Conference on International Collaboration on Medical Education and Practice (1994: Rockford, Illinois) & World Health Organization. Division of Development of Human Resources for Health. (1995). Priorities at the interface of health care, medical practice and medical education : report of the Global Conference on International Collaboration on Medical Education and Practice, 12-15 June 1994, Rockford, Illinois, U.S.A. Geneva : World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/59551
Gov't Doc #WHO/HRH/95.2
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Making medical practice and education more relevant to people's needs : the contribution of the family doctor / a working paper from the World Health Organization and the World Organization of Family Doctors from the joint WHO-WONCA Conference, November 6-8, 1994 World Health Organization. Division of Development of Human Resources for Health; World Organization of Family Doctors; WHO-WONCA 1994 Conference : The Contribution of the Family Doctor (1994 : Ontario, Canada) (Unpublished, 1995)