Cancer prevention and control: a strategy for the WHO African Region: report of the Regional Director
Abstract1. Cancer is a problem in the African Region where 582 000 cases were recorded in 2002, a figure expected to double by 2020. While data on the burden and pattern of cancer in the Region are insufficient, the available studies and estimates show an increased incidence due to infectious agents and to growing tobacco and alcohol use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and pollution. 2. The most common cancers in the African Region are cancers of the cervix, breast, liver and prostate as well as Kaposi’s sarcoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Enough knowledge and evidence exist for preventing one third of all cancers, providing effective treatment for a further one third and providing pain relief and palliative care for all cases. This strategy proposes interventions which, if promptly implemented, will contribute to reducing the burden of cancers. 3. Cancer control programmes should be established in a comprehensive and systematic framework and be integrated within national health plans. They should have adequate documentation, monitoring and evaluation systems. Country ownership, equity, partnership, accountability and integrated approach should guide the implementation of interventions.
Regional Committee for Africa, 58. (2008). Cancer prevention and control: a strategy for the WHO African Region: report of the Regional Director. World Health Organization. Regional Office for Africa. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/5602