Molecular epidemiology of influenza viruses : memorandum from a WHO meeting
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Incidence of influenza virus-associated severe acute respiratory infection in Damanhour district, Egypt, 2013 Refaey, S.; Hassan, M.; Mansour, A.; Kandeel, A. (2016-07)The epidemiology, seasonality and risk factors for influenza virus infection remains poorly defined in countries such as Egypt. Between 1 January and 31 December 2013, we used surveillance data on patients hospitalized with severe acute respiratory infection in three Egyptian government hospitals in Damanhour district to estimate the incidence rate of laboratory-confirmed seasonal influenza. Samples were taken from 1727 of 1856 patients; of these, 19% were influenza virus positive. The overall incidence of influenza virus-associated SARI during ...
Saito, R.; Akinobu, H.; Shaker, R.A.; Akel, I. S.; Assaf Casals, A.; Lteif, M.; Odagiri, T.; Inaba, R.; Soudani, N.; Khafaja, S.; Ghanem, S.T.; Rajab, M.; Shobugawa, Y.; Dbaibo, G.S.; Zaraket, H. (2016-07)Despite the significant burden of influenza outbreaks, active disease monitoring has been largely absent in the Middle East, including Lebanon. In this study we characterized influenza virus in 440 nasopharyngeal swabs collected from patients with acute respiratory infections during two influenza seasons in Lebanon. Influenza A[H3N2] was dominant in the 2013/14 season while the A[H1N1]pdm09 and B/Yamagata strains were most prevalent in the 2014/15 season. All tested isolates were susceptible to 4 neuraminidase inhibitors [oseltamivir, zanamivir, ...
Report of WHO Consultation on Molecular Epidemiology of Influenza Viruses, Athens, Georgia, USA, 5 - 6 September 1986 WHO Consultation on Molecular Epidemiology of Influenza Viruses (1986: Athens, Georgia, USA); World Health Organization. Microbiology and Immunology Support Services Unit (MIM/VPH/86.1. Unpublished, 1986)