Management of heart failure
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El Bindary, E.M.; Darwish, A.Z. (2001)We investigated the plasma levels of tumour necrosis factor-alpha [TNF-alpha], leptin and insulin, and their relation to body mass index [BMI] in 80 male patients who presented with chronic heart failure [mean age: 47 +/- 4 years] at Tanta University Hospital. Plasma leptin, TNF-alpha and insulin were significantly increased and BMI significantly decreased in New York Heart Association classes III and IV patients. TNF-alpha, leptin and insulin were positively correlated, and TNF-alpha and BMI and leptin and BMI were negatively correlated in stages ...