Administraci'on postsoviética de salud p'ublica en Estonia / Jens Steensberg
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Drew, Roger; Donoghoe, Martin; Koppel, Agris; Laukmann-Josten, Ulrich; Politi, Claudio; Rotberga, Signe; Sarang, Anya; Stöver, Heino; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe; United Nations. Office on Drugs and Crime (2008)
Võrk, Andres; Saluse, Janek; Reinap, Marge; Habicht, Triin (2014)This paper analyses out-of-pocket payments, their impact on catastrophic expenditures and impoverishment in Estonia from 2000 to 2012. Microdata from the Estonian Household Surveys collected by Statistics Estonia were used, complemented by utilization data from other studies. Statistical and econometric methods were applied. The results show that out-of-pocket expenditures peaked in 2006 and dropped thereafter. The decline is explained by the relative increase of pensions during the crisis years, promotion of generic drugs and reduced utilization ...