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|Title:||Spotlight on the cities : improving urban health in developing countries / I. Tabibzadeh, A. Rossi-Espagnet and R. Maxwell|
|Other Titles:||La ciudad en primer plano : el mejoramiento de la higiene urbana en los países en desarrollo|
Pleins feux sur les villes : améliorer la santé dans les villes du tiers monde
World Health Organization
|Publisher:||Geneva : World Health Organization|
|Abstract:||Challenges governments and health planners to address the needs of the poor living in the shanty towns and slums of the developing world. Noting that the year 2000 will see an estimated 1 billion people living in urban squalor, the book calls for a radical reorientation of health priorities as the only way to deal with this growing urban crisis. Throughout the book, numerous case studies from around the world are used to illustrate both the magnitude of the problem and the options available for immediate action. The book opens with an analysis of the principal characteristics and causes of the urban health crisis. Facts and figures, including projected growth over the next three decades, are used to document the chaotic, unbalanced, and uncontrolled growth of urban centres. The second chapter, concerned with the inadequacy of conventional health services for the urban poor, presents compelling arguments for a fundamental shift in health care priorities towards the widespread application of primary health care. Factors identified as requiring change range from the functions of urban hospitals to laws and regulations governing building standards and the security of tenure. In keeping with these arguments, the third chapter explains the importance of community involvement, emphasizing differences between the concept of community health work in rural areas and the demands and special problems of an urban setting. Readers are reminded that conventional solutions are neither affordable nor appropriate, and that low-cost, decentralized methods, supported by the community, have a greater chance of success. The book concludes with a discussion of what needs to be done to move beyond successful pockets of action towards universal health coverage in the poorest urban communities|
Delivery of Health Care
|metadata.dc.subject.other:||Health Management and Planning|
|Appears in Collections:||Publications|
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