Site selection for new hazardous waste management facilities
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AbstractA comprehensive guide to the selection of new sites where hazardous wastes can be collected, treated, stored and disposed of in a safe manner acceptable to the general public. Apart from outlining relevant engineering and scientific factors, the book gives particular attention to the measures needed to protect health, preserve environmental quality, and respect the social values and economic wellbeing of the host community. Though intended for use in European countries, the policy and technical options described are applicable to situations in most countries throughout the world. The guide has five chapters. The first outlines general principles that should guide site selection and explains the main phases in the planning and siting process. The second chapter discusses the many complex issues that determine the need for facilities, including technologies that can reduce emissions at the source, and offers advice on the acquisition of data for planning purposes. The third and most extensive chapter, focused on procedural and technical considerations, presents and explains two general frameworks for site selection: a voluntary model, which anticipates that one or more communities will want or accept a new facility, and a technical model. Other topics discussed include the distribution of responsibilities in facility development, the use of screening and exclusionary criteria, and the procedures for site evaluation. The assessment of risks to health and the environment is addressed in the fourth chapter, which lists important site-related parameters for predicting the distribution of pollutants in ground-water, surface water, land, and air. The final chapter reviews social and economic considerations, offering practical advice on attitudes that help explain public opposition, common errors in dealing with the public that can defeat technically worthwhile projects, and negotiating strategies that can help resolve opposition to technically valid proposals. Recommended lines of action draw upon experiences around te world in the successful siting of new facilities.
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe & Sloan, William M. (1993). Site selection for new hazardous waste management facilities. World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/272942
WHO regional publications. European series;46
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WHO/UNEP/ADB High-level Meeting on Health and Environment in ASEAN and East Asian Countries, Manila, Philippines, 24-26 November 2004 : report World Health Organization. Regional Office for the Western Pacific ((WP)EHH/ICP/HSE/4.3/001-E, 2004)