Forty years of WHO in Europe: the development of a common health policy
AbstractA chronological account of milestones in the history of the WHO Regional Office for Europe, moving from 1948 to 1990. In selecting events for analysis, the author concentrates on developments that help explain how the countries of Europe were able to reach consensus on health objectives and strategies despite considerable political differences. The author served as the WHO Regional Director for Europe from 1967 to 1985. The history, which begins with the reconstruction of health services in war-devastated Europe, covers a period that saw the secession and readmission of the socialists countries, tensions between the two Germany's, and the admission of Israel to the European Region. Concerning health and disease, the history moves from the elimination of malaria and the control of tuberculosis and cholera, through an epidemic of deaths from heart attacks, to the Chernobyl nuclear accident. The period also saw the introduction of the WHO goal of health for all by the year 2000 , a concept initially ridiculed as utopian or irrelevant. The author regards the European-wide agreement on 38 specific, time-linked targets for improving public health as one of the most important achievements. His personal behind-the-scenes account reveals the magnitude of this achievement, especially in view of the great political differences that existed at that time. A concluding chapter summarizes current WHO activities that are helping to create better health conditions and more humane health care, while also promoting the concept of preventive medicine and encouraging healthier life-styles.
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe & Kaprio, Leo A. (1991). Forty years of WHO in Europe: the development of a common health policy. World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/260455
WHO regional publications. European series;40
Descriptionxi, 135 p.
Other Language Versionsfrançais
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