Population mobility and malaria
AbstractMigrants and mobile populations face many obstacles in accessing equitable essential health care services due to factors such as living and working conditions, education level, gender, irregular migration status, language and cultural barriers, anti-migrant sentiments, and lack of migrant-inclusive health policies among others. Despite significant progress having been made in the context of malaria control in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS), human movements can impact malaria transmission patterns and potentially introduce drug-resistant parasites. This legal framework review therefore serves as a guidance document on approaches to address malaria and malaria elimination for migrant and mobile populations (MMPs) in five countries of the GMS, namely Cambodia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Myanmar, Thailand and Viet Nam. In order to provide an evidence-base and guidance for malaria programme managers at national level, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the World Health Organization (WHO) collaborated on this document to provide recommendations on the technical implementation and policy implications of addressing malaria for MMPs. A key part of this collaboration is the documentation and analysis of migration and health related laws, policies and legal frameworks existing as of 2015 that impact upon access to health and malaria services, whilst identifying the gaps and further opportunities for paving the way to eventual malaria elimination in the GMS.
World Health Organization. Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2017). Population mobility and malaria. World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/255816
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