Regional consultation on nutrition and HIV/AIDS: evidence, lessons and recommendations for action in South-East Asia
AbstractAn estimated four million people were living with HIV/AIDS in South-East Asia at the end of 2006. HIV and nutrition are strongly related to each other; immune deficiency as a result of HIV infection leads to malnutrition which in turn leads to further immune deficiency, worsens the effect of HIV and contributes to a more rapid progression to AIDS. Malnutrition rates in several South-East Asia Member countries are high. Good nutrition for people living with HIV - increased resistance to infection, maintains weight, improves the quality of life as well as drug compliance and efficacy. The joint regional consultation sponsored by WHO, US National Institute of Health, FAO, UNICEF and WFP was proposed as a direct response to the 2006 World Health Assembly resolution WHA 59.11 on nutrition and HIV/AIDS. Whereby Member countries through the resolution requested the Director-General to strengthen technical guidance to Member States for incorporating HIV/AIDS issues in national nutrition policies and programmes and to support the development and dissemination of science-based recommendations, guidelines and tools on nutritional care and support for people living with HIV/AIDS. Although some Member countries of the South-East Asia Region have initiated efforts in integrating nutrition into HIV control-related activities, such efforts have been insufficient. The consultation identified the need to strengthen the efforts of Member countries towards implementing adequate nutrition programmes for the care, support and treatment of persons living with HIV/AIDS while also paying heed to generate strong political interest and commitment.
World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2008). Regional consultation on nutrition and HIV/AIDS: evidence, lessons and recommendations for action in South-East Asia. WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/205743