Primary health care (PHC) approach in emergencies :
AbstractEmergencies, both natural and complex are a near common occurrence in South-East Asia Region and the World Disaster Report (2009) indicates that about 61.6% of the total number of people killed in various disasters in the decade 1998-2008 is from countries of this Region. Timely and appropriate assistance through communities plays a vital and significant role in alleviating immediate suffering of the affected population. This is more manifested for health needs because community members themselves are the first responders during any emergency. Investing time and resources in emergency preparedness and response at community level; strengthening capacity of community health workers including volunteers as well as linking sub-national level government and nongovernmental organizations is critical for an effective response in an emergency and support early recovery. Methods to achieve this community engagement are best encapsulated and applied efficiently through the primary health care approach. The report of the meeting summarizes the challenges, good practices and ways forward so that communities capacities for emergency preparedness and response are built through the primary health care approach.
World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2011). Primary health care (PHC) approach in emergencies :. WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/205657