Manual on tobacco control in schools
AbstractThis Manual is designed for teachers who work with 13-15-year-old students in Member countries of the World Health Organization (WHO)'s South-East Asia (SEA) Region. The Manual uses skill- based health education through curricular and co-curricular activities. Skill-based health education is designed to help students acquire the knowledge, attitude and skills that are needed to make informed choices and decisions, understand the consequences of tobacco use and tobacco advertising, adopt and practise healthy behaviours to avoid risks and create conditions that are conducive to health. This approach also empowers students to contribute to the creation of tobacco-free environment in which they learn and live. The Manual provides young people with an opportunity to participate in an environmental approach to tobacco control. The decision that young people make about tobacco use are heavily influenced by the physical, social, economic and legal environments in which they live. The activities in the Manual represent a departure from the traditional approach of simply educating students not to use tobacco, which is often considered an ineffective strategy. The progressive vision helps young people move beyond a reliance on awareness education to embrace a comprehensive and science-based approach. The focus in the Manual is on what young people can do to create tobacco-free norms and environments and to thwart manipulative efforts of the tobacco industry to create tobacco addictions. The Manual includes classroom activities which a school can adopt either in the form of a regular or optional curriculum. It uses a series of activities which can be carried out as interactive/participatory activities in classrooms (curricular), or as field activities in the community (co-curricular activities). A participatory approach gives students the opportunity to observe and actively practice skills, thus being engaged in "learning by doing." In order to make these activities interactive, the class is split into small working groups and discussions are held in bigger groups based on inputs from the smaller groups. Schools that would use this Manual may adopt a similar pattern or can modify it according to their situations and needs. Teaching posters, handouts, worksheets, and answer sheets, are provided in this Manual to be used in any combination by the teacher or simply as a guide for teaching. Additionally, clippings from newspapers, a few sets of graph paper, pencils, a black board, and chalk may be used as supplementary materials by the teacher.
World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2006). Manual on tobacco control in schools. WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/205478