Fourth biregional meeting on the control of japanese encephalitis (JE) : 7-8 June 2009, Bangkok, Thailand
AbstractDescription: In 2003, several countries of the WHO South-East Asia Region had routine JE reporting and vector control measures, but immunization programmes were not prioritized. Only two countries of the Region had successful JE immunization programmes (Sri Lanka and Thailand).In the last six years, the SEA Region has seen significant activity and progress towards JE control, with sustained long-term immunization programmes and ever more countries considering vaccine introduction. In recent years, India and Nepal introduced the live, attenuated SA 14-14-2JE vaccine, increasing to four the number of countries in the Region with sustained JE immunization programmes. Broad-based laboratory surveillance in the Region is supported and enhanced through a regional laboratory network, which has helped identify JE in many countries with previously limited information on the JE disease burden. In WHO's Western Pacific Region, 11 countries with a total population of 1.74 billion are at risk for JE infection. Progress over the last two decades shows inequities in control, with human disease almost eliminated in the developed countries-namely, Australia, Japan, Singapore and the Republic of Korea. China, a lower middle-income country, has made significant advancements in JE control but still needs further improvement in immunization coverage. Despite these successes, JE remains a significant public health problem in countries of both regions. The biregional meeting on JE control (7-8 June 2009) focussed on the progress made since the last biregional meeting held in 2007 in expanding surveillance activity, measures towards JE control, including establishing routine JE immunization. The report summarizes the proceedings of the meeting, and updates on progress in JE control, defining disease burden, assessing outcome after JE infection, JE laboratory network and diagnostic initiatives, JE vaccine clinical trials, planning for expansion of introduction of vaccine in JE endemic countries, and future goals and challenges in JE control.
World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2010). Fourth biregional meeting on the control of japanese encephalitis (JE) : 7-8 June 2009, Bangkok, Thailand. WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/205120