Adolescent health: a Strategy for the African Region: Report of the Regional Director
Abstract1. The health of adolescents is a component of public health which is of major concern globally and in the African Region in particular. 2. Adolescence is characterized by physiologic, psychosocial, especially emotional, intellectual and spiritual development and maturation processes. Adolescent health is in part determined by the family environment that provides for basic needs for shelter, food, education, health care, and moral and spiritual values necessary for character building. Behaviour acquired in adolescence impacts health outcomes and lasts a lifetime. 3. The heterogeneous nature of adolescents, their difficulty to access and fully utilize available health services and their vulnerability to morbidity and mortality are recognized. Their health and development problems include those related to reproductive health, risk-taking behaviour and accidents, mental illness and communicable diseases such as STI and HIV/AIDS. These are often interrelated and linked to behaviour. 4. Global concern for the health and well-being of young people has been expressed in various instruments, including the 1985 International Year of the Youth (UN General Assembly), the 1990 Convention on the Rights of the Child, the OAU African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child and the Reproductive Health Strategy for the African Region. 5. The strategy aims at providing guidance to Member States and partners in the formulation of policies, programmes and interventions that address adolescent health and development. It draws attention to the health sector response, the role of parents, families, communities and other sectors and the active involvement of young people.
Regional Committee for Africa, 51. (2011). Adolescent health: a Strategy for the African Region: Report of the Regional Director. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/1891