Reproductive cloning of human beings: current situation: report of the Regional Director
Abstract1. Cloning is an umbrella term traditionally used to describe different processes for duplicating biological material. A clone is an organism that is a genetic copy of an existing one. The use of the technique of nuclear transfer for reproduction of human beings is surrounded by strong ethical concerns and controversies and is considered a threat to human dignity. Ethical concerns relate to the risk of causing physical and psychological harm, lack of respect for ethical research standards, exploitation of the poor and conflict of interest if financial interests are involved. 2. Over the years, the international community has tried without success to build a consensus on an international convention against the reproductive cloning of human beings. WHA Resolution WHA50.37 of 1997 argues that human cloning is ethically unacceptable and contrary to human integrity and morality. In February 2005, the Legal Committee recommended to the United Nations General Assembly the adoption of a declaration on human cloning by which Member States were called upon to prohibit all forms of human cloning inasmuch as they are incompatible with human dignity and the protection of human life.
Regional Committee for Africa, 55. (2011). Reproductive cloning of human beings: current situation: report of the Regional Director. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/1869