Tackling Neglected Tropical Diseases in the African Region
AbstractNeglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) are a group of infectious diseases that are endemic in a number of developing countries including countries in the African Region. They are usually associated with heat and humidity in tropical settings as well as poverty and illiteracy. NTDs affect, almost exclusively, poor and powerless people living in the rural parts of low-income countries, and are given little attention, hence the term “neglected”. Most of them are vector-borne, transmitted by mosquitoes, black flies, sand flies, tsetse flies and snails. A few are transmitted through contaminated waters and soils.1 2. NTDs can be bacterial or parasitic. In the African Region, NTDs most frequently found are Guinea worm disease (targeted for eradication), leprosy, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis, human African trypanosomiasis (targeted for elimination), schistosomiasis, soil-transmitted helminthiasis, Buruli ulcer, yaws and other endemic treponematosis, leishmaniasis, and trachoma (targeted for control).
Regional Committee for Africa, 59. (2011). Tackling Neglected Tropical Diseases in the African Region. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/1801