Regional strategy for road safety in South-East Asia
AbstractRoad traffic injuries (RTIs) are the ninth leading cause of death globally; current trends suggest that they will become the fifth by 2030, with the disparity between rich and poor countries further accentuated. These deaths and injuries have an immeasurable impact on the affected families and communities including direct and indirect costs resulting from these injuries. Road Traffic Injuries have attracted global and regional attention and efforts to adhere the problems are being taken by all partners concerned. The reported trend in road traffic fatality per 100 000 population in SEAR countries over the period 2000-2011 has shown an increasing trend in all countries except Bangladesh, Maldives and Thailand. However, Thailand has the highest mortality rate in the Region. In Bhutan reported mortality trend estimates were irregular rise. India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Timor-Leste showed increase in mortality rate over the period since 2000 to 2011. Drivers and passengers of motorized two- and three- wheeler vehicles accounted for the highest proportion among road deaths in Thailand, Indonesia and in India. Pedestrians are the most affected group in Bangladesh and Myanmar. 21% of road deaths in India and 17% in Maldives are of pedestrians. Four-wheeler occupants are the major contributors in RTI death toll in Bhutan and Maldives. This document provides the strategy to address the problem with 12 basic principles. The plan of action for the strategy is also included in this document.
World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2015). Regional strategy for road safety in South-East Asia. WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/177997