A private hospital-based study assessing knowledge, attitudes, practices and costs associated with dengue illness in Surat, India.
AbstractWe conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study at a private children’s and general hospital in Surat,India, during the 2006 dengue season (June to December 2006). We examined knowledge, attitudes and practices of patients associated with dengue and estimated the cost of a dengue episode for the study sample. Of 62 patients with suspected dengue, 40 consented to participate in this study. We interviewed 27 retrospectively in their homes and 13 prospectively during their hospitalization. Among the respondents, 75% were male, 85% were under the age of 14, 63% reported familiarity with dengue, but only 25% correctly knew that clean stagnant water is a breeding place for the dengue vector, and 23% did not know the mode of transmission for dengue infection. While 78% said that they take preventive steps against dengue, only 48% believed dengue to be a preventable illness. There was no significant relationship between their knowledge and prevention practices. Economic costs were measured in 2007 US dollars. For an average dengue episode, the mean costs were US$ 439.44 for direct medical care and US$ 146.13 for indirect costs, with a total cost of US$ 585.57. The indirect costs reflect an average burden of 50 days on a household due to days lost from school,work, and other activities by the patient and their caretakers. While other studies have examined public institutions, this is one of the first studies using data from a private hospital. This study shows that the cost of a dengue episode imposes substantial challenges, even on middle-class households.
Bhavsar, Ami T, Shepard, Donald S, Suaya, Jose A, Mafowosofo, Moses & Hurley, Clare L. (2010). A private hospital-based study assessing knowledge, attitudes, practices and costs associated with dengue illness in Surat, India.. WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia.. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/170975