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|Title: ||Sickle-Cell Disease: a strategy for the WHO African Region|
|Authors: ||World Health Organization. Regional Office for Africa|
|Issue Date: ||26-May-2011|
|Abstract: ||1. Sickle-cell Disease (SCD) is an inherited disorder of haemoglobin. It is the most prevalent
genetic disease in the WHO African Region. In many countries, 10%–40% of the population
carries the sickle-cell gene resulting in estimated SCD prevalence of at least 2%.
2. The situation in the Region indicates that current national policies and plans are inadequate;
appropriate facilities and trained personnel are scarce; and adequate diagnostic tools and treatment
3. Deaths from SCD complications occur mostly in children under five years, adolescents and
pregnant women. Strategies and interventions to reduce SCD-related morbidity and mortality
should focus on adequate management of these vulnerable groups.
4. This strategy provides a set of public health interventions to reduce the burden of SCD in
the African Region through improved awareness, disease prevention and early detection. The
interventions include improvements in health-care provision; effective clinical, laboratory,
diagnostic and imaging facilities adapted to different levels of the health system; screening of
newborns; training of health workers and development of protocols; genetic counselling and
testing; accessibility to health care; establishment of patient support groups; advocacy; and
5. Success in implementing identified interventions will depend on the commitment of
Member States to integrate SCD prevention and control in national health plans, and provide an
environment conducive for various stakeholders to contribute to the reduction of SCD prevalence,
morbidity and mortality.
6. The Regional Committee is invited to examine and adopt this proposed strategy.|
|Subject: ||Anemia, Sickle Cell|
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
|Appears in Collections:||Regional Committee for Africa|
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