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Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 84
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Implementation of indoor residual spraying to assess feasibility in Sierra Leone: final report of a pilot project
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Africa ( 2015 )
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WHO Country Cooperation Strategy 2014-2018 Rwanda
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Africa ( 2015 )
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Intervenções essenciais de prevenção e controlo para a redução da incidência do cancro na Região africana da OMS: Um Manual para Líderes e Gestores
Organização Mundial da Saúde. Escritório Regional para a África ( 2012 )
Abstract

O cancro está a tornar-se rapidamente num dos principais problemas de saúde na Região Africana da OMS e são necessárias intervenções para a sua prevenção e controlo. A luta contra o cancro entrou numa nova fase, com a chegada de alguns progressos importantes que podem melhorar radicalmente os cuidados aos doentes. Muitos casos oncológicos podiam ser prevenidos se os doentes deixassem de fumar, evitassem certas infecções crónicas ou melhorassem a sua alimentação e se fossem implementados programas de rastreio. A OMS continua fiel ao seu objectivo de assegurar um acesso idêntico a cuidados de saúde de qualidade para todos os doentes oncológicos e de prevenir o cancro através da implementação de intervenções de prevenção primárias. O Escritório Regional da OMS para a África (AFRO) já desenvolveu uma estratégia regional para a prevenção e controlo do cancro de modo a lidar com esta questão cada vez mais importante. As intervenções prioritárias estão bem definidas na estratégia mas não são feitas nenhumas recomendações robustas relativamente à viabilidade económica de intervenções essenciais a serem incorporadas nos sistemas de saúde existentes em África. É preciso dar orientação aos países sobre como implementar as intervenções essenciais para reduzir o fardo do cancro na Região Africana da OMS. Este manual procura reforçar e acelerar a tradução dos conhecimentos na luta contra o cancro em acções de saúde pública e serve também como um dos principais documentos de referência acerca do desenvolvimento de programas nacionais de controlo de cancro. É por isso destinado principalmente a líderes, gestores e pessoas que tomam decisões na área da saúde e áreas relacionadas; profissionais médicos; instituições académicas; organizações não governamentais e, de uma forma mais geral, às partes interessadas que necessitam acompanhar a prevenção e controlo do cancro. Pretende-se também que este manual sirva como um guia claro e abrangente na escolha de intervenções essenciais e economicamente viáveis a serem implementadas de acordo com as conjunturas locais sem que se esqueça o que é viável e desejável. Destaca a implementação passo a passo de intervenções prioritárias a curto prazo, seguidas de intervenções ampliadas e optimizadas a serem concretizadas a médio e longo prazo dentro dos limites dos recursos disponíveis. A informação fornecida neste manual foi compilada por peritos nesta área que estão totalmente conscientes da situação do cancro na Região Africana da OMS. Este trabalho realça o facto que muitos cancros são evitáveis e todos podem ser controlados, mesmo em ambientes de poucos recursos.

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Key Interventions for Cancer Prevention and Control in Africa: A Handbook for Leaders and Managers
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Africa ( 2012 )
Abstract

In the WHO African Region, cancer is rapidly becoming a major health problem and interventions for its prevention and control are urgently required. The fight against cancer has entered a new phase, with the advent of some major advances that can dramatically improve patient care. Many cancer cases could be prevented either by stopping smoking, avoiding certain chronic infections or improving diet and implementing screening programmes. The WHO remains true to its goal to secure equal access to quality health care for every patient with cancer and prevent cancer by implementing primary prevention interventions. The WHO Regional Office for Africa (AFRO) has already developed a regional strategy for cancer prevention and control to tackle this increasingly important issue. Priority interventions are well defined in the strategy but no strong recommendations are made on the cost effectiveness of key interventions to be incorporated into existing health care systems in Africa. There is a need to provide guidance to countries on how to implement key interventions for reducing cancer burden in the WHO African Region. This handbook aims to strengthen and accelerate the translation of cancer control knowledge into public health action and serve as a key reference document in developing national cancer control programmes. It is therefore intended primarily for leaders, managers and decision-makers in health and related fields; medical professionals; academic institutions; nongovernmental organizations and, more generally, for all stakeholders who need to keep abreast of cancer prevention and control. It is additionally intended to serve as a clear and comprehensive guide in choosing key and cost-effective interventions to be implemented according to local settings without forgetting what is feasible and desirable. It emphasizes the stepwise implementation of priority interventions in the short term, followed by expanded and optimal interventions to be implemented in the medium and long term within the limits of available resources. The information provided here was compiled by experts in the field who are fully aware of the situation of cancer in the WHO African Region. This work highlights the fact that many cancers are preventable and all can be controlled even in low-resource settings.

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EVIPNetAfrica Meeting, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 14–16 October 2015: Final Report
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Africa ( 2016 )
Abstract

EVIPNet is a knowledge translation platform (KTP) established by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2005 to promote the systematic use of health research evidence in policy-making. Focusing on low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), it promotes partnerships at the country level between policy-makers, researchers and civil society in order to facilitate both policy development and policy implementation through the use of the best scientific evidence available. The network brings together country teams, which are coordinated at both regional and global levels. The African network was the first regional network of EVIPNet. It was launched in March 2006 with a grant from Canada’s International Development Research Centre (IDRC), with additional project support from the European Union’s Supporting the Use of Research Evidence (SURE) network, the Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research (AHPSR) and the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR). To date, the network has grown to 12 countries: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cape Verde, the Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia. Representatives from these countries’ teams met in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from 14 to 16 October 2015 to build on their 10 years’ experience by sharing lessons learned and developing joint future plans. The meeting provided an opportunity to identify a number of lessons that had been learnt at both country and regional levels in the last decade as well as the gaps and opportunities for expansion. Most country teams have strengthened their human resource capacity, provided rapid response support to national programme managers and policy-makers, conducted several policy briefs and held discussions leading to changes in policy and programmes. The major challenges included mobilizing internal financial resources, attracting and retaining staff, which proved a problem due to poor incentives, and researchers’ low capacity and skills in translating research evidence into policy. It was hoped that the recently adopted Research for Health: A Strategy for the African Region, 2016–2025, which requested Member States to set up a KTP, would facilitate African governments’ support for EVIPNet. A major success of the meeting was the country teams’ concrete recommendations to ensure the continuing impact, expansion and viability of the network. They included urging country teams to increase visibility, ensure the sustainability of human and financial resources, strengthen the capacity and competence of staff, and measure the impact of EVIPNet’s activities. In addition, it was proposed that a survey be conducted to investigate the skills of current teams and to recommend a training programme for the African region. To support this, a survey of the current teams’ skills will be conducted, and country profiles of the available capacity to support the transfer of evidence into policy will be added to the African Health Observatory. It was also proposed that EVIPNet be extended into more countries in coordination with WHO Regional Office for Africa (WHO/AFRO), to ensure that health policies and practices are grounded in the best scientific knowledge in as many countries as possible. The meeting also outlined the roles of country teams, national governments, WHO and partners in implementing the recommendations, the full list of which is available in Annex 2 of this report.

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Note d'orientation : prévention, diagnostic, traitement et soins de l'infection à VIH pour les populations clés : lignes directrices unifiées
Organisation mondiale de la Santé. Bureau régional de l'Afrique ( 2015-07 )
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Vigilância integrada da doença e resposta: curso de formação a nível distrital: guia do facilitator: módulo de introdução
Organização Mundial da Saúde. Escritório Regional para a África ( 2011 )
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Surveillance intégrée des maladies et réponse : Guide de l' animateur : module d'introduction
Organisation mondiale de la Santé. Bureau régional de l'Afrique ( 2011 )
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Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response: District Level Training Course: Facilitator Guide
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Africa ( 2011 )
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Technical Guidelines for Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response in the African Region October 2010
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Africa ( 2010 )
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Guide Technique pour la Surveillance Intégrée de la Maladie et la Riposte dans la Région Africaine
Organisation mondiale de la Santé. Bureau régional de l'Afrique ( 2010 )
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Orientações Técnicas para a Estratégia Integrada de Vigilância e Resposta às Doenças na Região Africana
Organização Mundial da Saúde. Escritório Regional para a África ( 2010 )
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Implementação da vigilância electrónica no contexto da vigilância e resposta integradas às doenças na Região africana da OMS
Organização Mundial da Saúde. Escritório Regional Africano ( 2015-06 )
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Mise en œuvre de la surveillance électronique dans le contexte de la surveillance intégrée de la maladie et la riposte dans la Région africaine de l’OMS
Organisation mondiale de la Santé. Bureau régional de l'Afrique ( 2015-06 )
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eSurveillance implementation in the context of integrated disease surveillance and response in the WHO African Region
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Africa ( 2015-06 )
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HIV/AIDS laboratory capacity: An Assessment Report of the Capacity of Laboratories to Support HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care Programmes in the WHO/AFRO Region:
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Africa ( 2008 )
Abstract

The HIV/AIDS Laboratory Network of the WHO African Region in its 2nd meeting in Accra, Ghana 20-22 November, 2002 requested WHO to conduct an assessment of existing laboratory capacities in Africa with a view to identifying the any competences and gaps. The results of the assessment would be used as an advocacy tool for mobilizing resources to strengthen laboratory services. Subsequent to this meeting an assessment questionnaire was sent out to all countries in the WHO African Region. Over 90% of the countries responded to the questionnaire. This report presents an analysis of the data from the countries that responded. Over 98% of the countries have a National HIV Reference Laboratory. The majority of these (84%) are in the public sector while the rest are affiliated to either universities or research institutions. Over 53% receive more than half of their funding from the public sector. Although 69% of the countries have an action plan for the laboratory there is poor correlation between the plan and the activities on the ground. This is an indication that the plans may not be appropriate to the actual situation in the country. ELISA is mainly used in the public sector (57%) and is limited mainly to the central level (100%) and is little used at district level. The low utilization of ELISA at the periphery is due to its complexity and inappropriateness for this level. In contrast Simple/Rapid assays are increasingly being used in all sectors and all levels but more at district level (54%). This reflects an increased usage of simple assays due to their appropriateness for VCT and PMTCT programmes. The erratic supply of reagents continues to be a major challenge. All countries reported supply interruptions with 55% reporting 1-2 interruptions in a year and the rest 6-8 interruptions. The WHO Bulk Procurement Scheme is introduced in the report and recommended as a remedy to the problem. In 91.9% of the countries the National Reference Laboratory defines the testing algorithm for use. It is however noteworthy that 42%, 50%, 55% of the countries do not follow the recommended WHO testing strategy for blood safety, diagnosis, and surveillance respectively. Western Blot facilities are available in all countries but are limited to one or two laboratories at the central level. These are mainly used (83%) for HIV confirmatory testing.

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Consultation on Male Circumcision and HIV Prevention in the African Region, Brazzaville, Congo, 2–4 April 2008: Key Outputs of the Meeting
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Africa ( 2008 )
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Integrated Disease Surveillance Quarterly Bulletin
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Africa ( 2015 )
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Uma Região Africana livre de Doenças Tropicais Negligenciadas: Grupo de Revisão do Programa Regional 2ª Reunião quimiotherapia preventiva, 17 - 20 Fevereiro 2015 Brazzaville, Congo: Relatório e Recomendações
Organização Mundial da Saúde. Escritório Regional para a África ( 2015 )
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Zika Virus risk assessment in the WHO African Region: a technical report
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Africa ( 2016-02 )
Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 84