The interdomain region of dengue NS5 protein interacts with NS3 and host proteins.
AbstractAlthough dengue virus genome replication occurs in the cytoplasm of infected cells, it has been shown that the NS5 protein (RNA-dependent RNA polymerase) is hyperphosphorylated at a late stage in infection and localized to the cell nucleus. A 37 amino acid sequence of NS5 (residues 369-405)was shown to contain a functional unclear localization signal (NLS) that interacted with the cellular nuclear transport factor, importin α/β heterodimer. Further studies using the yeast two-hybrid system revealed that the NS5 region (residues 320-368) immediately adjacent to the NLS contained an importin β-binding site that abuts or overlaps the binding site for the NS3 protein (protease/helicase). The importin β-binding site has also been shown to be a functional NLS (bNLS). Intriguingly, when both bNLS and NLS (residues 320-405) were present,the fused β -galactosidase protein did not accumulate in the nucleus. Here we provide a review of our studies on the NS5 interdomain region and compare it to other members of the Flavivirus genus in order to highlight the importance of this region as a possible target for developing broad-acting antiviral agent against dengue and other mechanistically-related viruses.
Brooks, Andrew J, Johansson, Magnus, Criswell, Erin, Jans, David A & Vasudevan, Subhash G. (2002). The interdomain region of dengue NS5 protein interacts with NS3 and host proteins.. WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/163711
DescriptionDengue Bulletin. 2002; 26: 155-161
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