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Rappelant les principes fondamentaux de l’OMS relatif à la promotion de la santé physique, mentale et sociale de l’ensemble des populations.
Comité régional de l'Afrique, 15 ( 1965 )
Leprosy Elimination: Progress Report
Regional Committee for Africa, 57 ( 2007 )
1. Leprosy is an infectious and disabling disease caused by the Mycobacterium leprae, which can lead to permanent disability. The chronic symptoms often afflict individuals in their most productive stage of life and therefore impose a significant social and economic burden on society. Leprosy patients are often shunned and become isolated within their own communities. They become dependent on others for care and financial support, leading to further isolation and insecurity. At the end of 1993, the prevalence of the disease was 113 6501 cases in the African Region, corresponding to a rate of 2.1 per 10 000 inhabitants. 2. In 1994, the WHO Regional Committee for Africa adopted Resolution AFR/RC44/R5 Rev.1 on the elimination of leprosy, defined as a prevalence rate of less than one case per 10 000 inhabitants. At the end of 1999, the global leprosy prevalence dropped by 85% to reach 1.4 per 10 000 inhabitants and leprosy was eliminated from 98 countries in the world; in the WHO African Region, the prevalence was 1.2 per 10 000 inhabitants—32 countries had achieved the elimination goal.2 WHO together with countries and partners formed a Global Alliance for the Elimination of Leprosy3 to reach the elimination goal at national level in each country worldwide by 2005.
Improving Access to Care and Treatment for HIV/AIDS in the African Region: the 3 by 5 Initiative and Beyond Report of the Regional Director
Regional Committee for Africa, 54 ( 2004 )
1. HIV/AIDS is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the African Region. About 2.3 million people died of AIDS in the Region in 2003, mainly due to lack of access to antiretroviral therapy (ART). Member States have responded to the need for care and treatment by providing services for the management of opportunistic infections, counselling, testing, palliative care and ART. Despite some progress, the coverage of these services is very low: only 2.3% of those in need have access to ART. 2. The main impediments to comprehensive care and treatment have been inadequacies in funding, human resources, medicines and diagnostic technologies. Despite these constraints, countries and international partners have renewed their determination to expand access to HIV/AIDS care and treatment. 3. In December 2003, the WHO launched an initiative to place 3 million people on ART by the end of 2005, The 3 by 5 Initiative. The Regional Office for Africa aims to prolong the lives of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) by providing guidance on implementing The 3 by 5 Initiative. Accelerated action is needed for advocacy, strengthening of health systems, community mobilization, decentralization, integration and fostering partnerships.